Asia Temperate, Asia Tropical Tool Used. Hedychium coronarium is an herbaceous perennial that reaches up to 2m in height. In the Azores archipelago Hedychium coronarium J.Koenig is also invasive and is distinguished from Hedychium gardnerianum because it has white flowers. Cultivated and planted in gardens, the species has naturalised. Hedychium coronarium Butterfly Ginger1 Edward F. Gilman2 1. Originally from India, it has been introduced to many countries as an ornamental. Under favourable Swamp Lily or White Ginger-Lily (Hedychium coronarium) an invasive species in the creeks along Nandroya Falls Track in Wooroonooran National Park off the Palmerston Hwy, Queensland, Australia. [5][7] This species was first introduced as an ornamental to Hawaii around 1888 by Chinese immigrants, and is now considered a serious invader in mesic to wet areas of Maui and Hawaii island. Hedychium coronarium can form extensive thickets in moist areas that suppress the regeneration of native species. It was recently ranked among the top 200 most invasive plant species in south-eastern Queensland and appears on the New South Wales North Coast environmental weeds list. I have seen naturalized stands of it growing along the side of rivers here. Hedychium Gardnerianum by Jeff Kubina. Kamakou staff has effectively controlled some Hedychium coronarium populations by a combination of manual and mechanical means. Common names. Propagating Flowering Ginger It's possible to grow ginger from rhizomes you buy at the supermarket, but it may not be worth the effort if you desire an ornamental plant with flowers. It resembles Hedychium hedychium and Hedychium flavescens. Hedychium plants thrive in partial shade/sun in soil which has excellent drainage but remains moist. It is considered invasive in some countries. Invasive plants affect negatively the biodiversity of invaded communities by changing environmental conditions and outcompeting native species. Species range from micro-organisms and invertebrates to fish, birds, reptiles, amphibians, mammals and plants. Hedychium coronarium (white garland-lily or white ginger lily) is a perennial flowering plant in the Zingiberaceae (ginger) family, native to the Eastern Himalayas region of India (Sikkim and Tripura), Bangladesh, Nepal and Bhutan, through northernmost Myanmar and Thailand, southern China (Yunnan, Sichuan, Hunan, Guangxi and Guangdong) to Taiwan in the East. ... University of Florida / IFAS / Center for Aquatic & Invasive Plants. You can now claim your publications on CAB Direct with your ORCID iD! Hedychium coronarium should be controlled at Kamakou, especially in drainages because of a threat to rare mesic shrubland flora in these sites. gingerlily. Beyond its native range H. coronarium may be invasive in shallow water systems, along streams and in waterlogged areas. It was recently ranked among the 200 most invasive plant species in south-eastern Queensland and appears on the New South Wales North Coast environmental weeds list. How to grow Ginger Lily (Hedychium) Hedychium plants can be sown outside at the beginning of spring before the last frost has happened. Grows well in cooler climates. Image 1565177 is of white garland-lily (Hedychium coronarium ) flower(s). Colares 2007). Smith (1985) ranks Hedychium coronarium as one of the 86 most disruptive alien plants in Hawaii because of its capacity to form extensive single species stands. It is considered invasive in some countries. long (45 cm), packed with up to 50 fragrant, lemon-yellow flowers, 3 in. Once established, it is difficult to control because it reproduces vegetatively. Under favourable conditions, it forms extensive thickets which … Hedychium coronarium 'awapuhi-ke'oke'o. General Information Hedychium flavescens is a stout, aromatic, herbaceous perennial plant forming a cluster of stems growing 1 - 2.5 metres tall from thick, fleshy rhizomes[310. It has been recognized as one of "The World's 100 Worst Invasive Alien Species" by the IUCN Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG). long (20 cm), of very fragrant, white butterfly-like flowers in late summer and early fall. Herbicidal weed control methods for pastures and natural areas of Hawaii White butterfly ginger, perfume ginger. CAB Direct provides It is similar in its ecology and impacts to other invasive Hedychium spp., e.g. Butterfly ginger, white garland-lily, white gingerlily Synonyms. Abstract. Image 5475163 is of white garland-lily (Hedychium coronarium ) flower(s). This is to ensure that we give you the best experience possible. white ginger. Scientific Name: Hedychium coronarium. Here in Florida, it can be invasive in wetlands. Continuing to use www.cabdirect.org This is the first record of H. coronarium herbivory by capybaras and also the first record of herbivory of this macrophyte outside its native range. In China it is cultivated for use in medicine and production of aromatic oil, due to the strong characteristic fragrance of the flowers, said to be reminiscent of jasmine. No known synonyms Conclusions by Zone. Central Not a problem species (documented) Assessment Status: Complete. Ethnobotanical Uses: Food (Herb and Spice) Medicinal ( The mashed stem is used to treat cuts and swellings. [6] The plant has become naturalized in the cool rainy mountains in Sierra del Rosario, Pinar del Rio Province in the west, the Escambray Mountains in the center of the island, and in the Sierra Maestra in the very east of it. Beyond its native range H. coronarium may be invasive in shallow water systems, along streams and in waterlogged areas. Our results suggest H. coronarium has a negative influence on the 31 recruitment of plants from the plant community, with consequences to the biodiversity of 32 invaded areas. Common Names. However, white ginger is also disruptively invasive on Molokai at Kamakou Preserve. Hybrids between these species are also produced, and may exhibit intermediate characteristics. Miscellaneous: Invasive species in Brazil, Hawaii, New Zealand and many other countries. Growth Habit: Herb/Forb. This is a very bad weed in Australia, and also is invasive in … incorporating the leading bibliographic databases CAB Abstracts and Global Health. There are over 13,661,000 records available in CAB Direct | Last updated on December 24, 2020. In Brazil it is very common and considered to be an invasive weed. Other Impacts. It is a rhizomatous tender perennial that may grow to 10’ tall in its native habitat, but more typically grows 3-6’ tall. Zingiberaceae. Hedychium coronarium (white garland-lily[2] or white ginger lily[3]) is a perennial flowering plant in the Zingiberaceae (ginger) family, native to the Eastern Himalayas region of India (Sikkim and Tripura), Bangladesh, Nepal and Bhutan, through northernmost Myanmar and Thailand, southern China (Yunnan, Sichuan, Hunan, Guangxi and Guangdong) to Taiwan in the East. Invasive plants affect negatively the biodiversity of invaded communities by changing environmental conditions and outcompeting native species. Hedychium coronarium - Butterfly Ginger Lily by Mauroguanandi. Hedychium coronarium. … Binomial nomenclature. Besides using the stands of H. coronarium as habitat (Ferraz et al. Common Name: No Image. White ginger (Hedychium coronarium) grows up to 2 m tall and produces a thick mat of creeping underground stems (i.e. Plant Characteristics. Hedychium coronarium Koenig: Common Name: White Ginger Lily: Habitat: ** Associated Ecological Communities: ** Growth Habit: Herb: Duration: ** Category: Vascular: USDA Symbol: HECO11: Plant Notes: White Ginger Lily is an introduced herbaceous perennial in the Ginger family (Zingiberaceae). H. coronarium has been included in the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD 2008). Hedychium coronarium (white garland-lily or white ginger lily) is a perennial flowering plant originally from the Himalayas region of Nepal and India. Hedychium coronarium subditum (Turrill) Naik. Hedychium coronarium is an herbaceous perennial that reaches up to 2m in height. White ginger (Hedychium coronarium) has the potential to be a significant environmental weed in the sub-tropical and warmer temperate regions of Australia. It was introduced in Brazil in the era of slavery, said to have been brought to the country by African slaves who used its leaves as mattresses, and is now considered naturalised in the states of Rio de Janeiro (where it is classed as invasive), Bahia and Espirito Santo. The key to growing it is that it likes a lot of water, and is a heavy feeder. Invasive species. Photographed on 23 April 2016. This record reinforces the need for further studies on the relationship between herbivory and invasive plants. [4][5] It is a perennial-green, growing in warmer climates, but may also be grown in mild winter temperate regions of North America and Europe, where it dies back in winter but re-emerges in spring.[5]. Kahili ginger (Hedychium gardnerianum) is also very poisonous to grazing animals, and can be fatal if enough of the plant is ingested. Hedychium coronarium. Prefers fertile, organic rich, well-drained soil. Prefers fertile, organic rich, well-drained soil. Habit: herb Description: "Herb, perennial, erect, unbranched, to 2 m high, growing from a rhizome.Leaves simple, alternate, two-ranked, sessile at the top of the leaf sheath, blade elliptic to lanceolate, 20-30 x 3-10 cm, pubescent on lower surface. Also known as the ‘Mariposa’ and the ‘Butterfly Lily’ Hedychium coronium with its highly perfumed flowers from summer to autumn has the largest flowers of the genus. Hawaii Native Status: Introduced. Hedychium coronarium Koenig. Origin: India. This record reinforces the need for further studies on the relationship between herbivory and invasive plants. Native to moist tropical forests of the eastern Himalayas in northern India, Nepal and Bhutan, this plant in the ginger family (Zingiberaceae) is the most widely cultivated of all species of the genus Hedychium (pronounced “heh-DIK-ee-um”), and is a popular landscape ornamental throughout the world in tropical and subtropical area. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org. Cultivated and planted in gardens, the species has naturalised. EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For the asian spice, see, Domesticated plants and animals of Austronesia, World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, "Hedychium coronarium in Flora of China @ efloras.org", "Hedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)", "Floral biology of Hedychium coronarium Koen. Noted for its intense, luxurious fragrance, award-winning Hedychium coronarium (White Ginger Lily) is an upright rhizomatous perennial boasting dense spikes, up to 8 in. Thanks to its scented flowers that look like fluttering butterflies, it gets its name–Butterfly Lily Ginger. Hedychium coronarium J. Koenig (Zingiberaceae) is a Himalayan herbaceous rhizomatous plant recognized as invasive in several countries. It was introduced in Brazil in the era of slavery, brought to the country by African slaves who used its leaves as mattresses, and is now so common that it is considered an invasive plant. … It prefers moist habitats, such as rainforests or the banks of rivers. CAB Direct is the most thorough and extensive source of reference in the applied life sciences, Not declared or considered noxious by any state government authorities. Hedychium emeiense Z.Y.Zhu. Jil M. Swearingen, Survey of invasive plants occurring on National Park Service lands, 2000-2007 John Randall, The Nature Conservancy, Survey of TNC Preserves, 1995. König, an important invasive plant in Brazilian riparian habitats, on the germination speed index (GSI) and germination percentage (GP) of four tree species native from Brazilian riparian forests (Anadenanthera macrocarpa, Peltophorum dubium, Mimosa bimucronataand Sesbania virgata). It is a rhizomatous tender perennial that may grow to 10’ tall in its native habitat, but more typically grows 3-6’ tall. A long and prominent red stamen emerges from each yellow flower, giving the inflorescence a striking appearance. Height: 24 to 150 inches (60 to 380 cm). gingerlily. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Ginger lily, also known as butterfly ginger or by its scientific name, Hedychium coronarium, is an herbaceous flowering plant native to India. Hedychium coronarium is native to tropical Asia and became invasive in wetlands and riparian areas worldwide from shaded to open habitats, and across a wide range of soil moisture levels (Kissmann and Groth, 1999; Villaseñor and Espinosa-Garcia, 2004; Zenni and … Botanical Name: Hedychium coronarium. It is by Joy Viola at Northeastern University. Management information for Hedychium coronarium as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). Hedychium coronarium J. König. A popular landscape ornamental plant, award-winning Hedychium gardnerianum (Kahili Ginger) is an upright rhizomatous perennial boasting cylindrical spikes, up to 18 in. Hedychium coronarium (white ginger) BioNET-EAFRINET Invasive Plant Factsheets, BioNET-EAFRINET, 2011, English language External factsheets English Duration: Perennial. Hedychium coronarium should be controlled at Kamakou, especially in drainages because of a threat to rare mesic shrubland flora in these sites. Description . The tropical plant thrives in warm temperatures and is winter hardy in zones 7 through 11 in the United States. The Global Invasive Species Database contains invasive species information supplied by experts on biological invasion from around the world. It can be a weedof banana and cocoa plantations. among the top 200 most invasive plant species in south-eastern Queensland and appears on the New South Wales North Coast environmental weeds list. Website developed by The University of Georgia - Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health and the National Park Service Flowering Season: Midsummer to late autumn. The ground rhizome can be used to treat fever. Characteristics that aid invasion It propagates by seed, producing a high number of seeds (each spike has, in mean, between 300 to 500 seeds) that are easily dispersed by wind, water and birds. [9] It is also invasive in New Caledonia. This species is listed in the Global Invasive Species Database, and is considered to be among the top 100 of the world's worst invasive alien species. Forb/Herb Origin. white ginger. Only some of these species are currently known to be naturalised, but all are relatively common in cultivation. 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