Compounding involves preparing drugs in forms that are different from the generic prescription standard. 1.4 The pharmacy profession 5 1.5 New dimensions of pharmacy practice 7 1.5.1 Pharmaceutical care 7 1.5.2 Evidence-based pharmacy 8 1.5.3 Meeting patients’ needs 8 1.5.4 Chronic patient care – HIV/AIDS 8 1.5.5 Self-medication 10 1.5.6 Quality assurance of pharmaceutical care services 10 1.5.7 Clinical pharmacy 11 professional standards alongside regulatory standards in supporting patient safety has been emphasised in both the Francis and Berwick1,2 reports. Under this system the aspiring pharmacist, most likely known then as an aspiring apothecary, would work side-by-side with the established professional practitioner, learning by observing and doing medication-related activities under the tutelage of the master craftsman or “master.” The curriculum specified for a Pharm.D. Americans should choose a pharmacist they trust and build a partnership for good health. Such services include a thorough analysis of all medication (prescription, non-prescription, and herbals) currently being taken by an individual. However, this practice has been criticized as potentially dangerous, especially by those who feel that only doctors can reliably assess contraindications, risk/benefit ratios, and an individual's overall suitability for use of medication. In some cases, the representative body is also the registering body, which is responsible for the regulation and ethics of the profession. Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education Since the emergence of modern clinical pharmacy, ambulatory care pharmacy practice has emerged as a unique pharmacy practice setting. Pharmacy is the clinical health science that links medical science with chemistry and it is charged with the discovery, production, disposal, safe and effective use, and control of medications and drugs. The examples and perspective in this section, "Pharmaceutical research" redirects here. The majority of pharmacy technicians work in community pharmacies. Created by. The introduction of an expanded scope of pharmacy practice in Ontario is formal recognition that pharmacy practice has evolved. [28] Traditionally[where?] Pharmacies within hospitals differ considerably from community pharmacies. Some states have a legally mandated pharmacist-to-pharmacy technician ratio. It was compiled during the Han dynasty and was attributed to the mythical Shennong. The word pharmacy is derived from Old French farmacie "substance, such as a food or in the form of a medicine which has a laxative effect" from Medieval Latin pharmacia from Greek pharmakeia (Greek: φαρμακεία) "a medicine", which itself derives from pharmakon (φάρμακον), meaning "drug, poison, spell"[47][48][n 1] (which is etymologically related to pharmakos). [23] Clinical pharmacists care for patients in all health care settings, but the clinical pharmacy movement initially began inside hospitals and clinics. Consultant pharmacists most typically work in nursing homes, but are increasingly branching into other institutions and non-institutional settings. In 1240, emperor Frederic II issued a decree by which the physician's and the apothecary's professions were separated.[16]. Pharmacists, therefore, are the experts on drug therapy and are the primary health professionals who optimize the use of medication for the benefit of the patients. What country was the forerunner in developing a logical, scientific-based approach to medical practice? Pharmacy definition, the art and science of preparing and dispensing drugs and medicines. Pharmacists may also be small-business proprietors, owning the pharmacy in which they practice. Pharmacists in this setting often do not dispense drugs, but rather see patients in-office visits to manage chronic disease states. The quote, if possible ) if possible ) compensated for their patient care services that can! 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